It is customary that throughout the summer at Congregation Beth El we have summer darshanim, different congregants who teach, share, and offer words of Torah about the Torah portion. Last Shabbat, for Parashat Eikev, we were privileged to have one of our congregants, MIke Finesilver, share his thoughts about the recent events in Israel. His words of Torah are below. We invite all who are interested to share their words of Torah with the community. If you are interested in giving a D’var Torah in the future, please contact me directly.
– Rabbi Jesse M. Olitzky
D’var Torah for Parashat Eikev
By Mike Finesilver
In this week’s Parasha, Eikev, Moshe continues to address the Jewish people. These parashiot are his final words before he leaves them; his farewell TED talk if you will.
Last week, Moshe recounted in detail the journey from slavery to freedom. A reminder that we need to learn from our past, to analyze our missteps in order to be able to move forward and to change. It also contained the six verses which make up the first parasha of the Sh’ma (our central prayer).
This week’s parasha contains nine verses which make up the second parasha of the Sh’ma.
Both of them command us to Love Adonai “Bechol L’vavecha oo’vchol nafshecha. With all your heart and all your soul. Last week addressed this to the individual and this week to the community.
Moshe, knows that he will not be around to go into the promise land and therefore it is important that he leaves behind a clear and concise directive. He stresses to the people that if they/we follow the commandments, they/we will be rewarded and if not, then not. I include “we”, because when we read the Torah, Moshe is also addressing us.
If we take care to follow the commandments, God will take care of the rest.
We are told that even though odds are not always in our favor, we will prevail over all diversity and go forth to prosper with land, with children and with wealth. However, we are warned not to be led astray by our rewards (not to feel we have earned them), lest we be corrupted by them.
We are also reminded of our missteps in order that we do not repeat or forget them and we are also commanded to “love the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt”.
“Love the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt” So my heart has been heavy from recent events in Israel and I need to ask the question “For people who say that they follow the Torah (word for word and letter for letter), how does the command to “love the stranger” translate to some of the atrocities that took place in and around Jerusalem, perpetrated by a few extremist Jews only a week ago?
I know that Rabbi Olitzky addressed this last week, but as a Jew and a Gay Man I cannot explain the pain I experienced over the attack on the people peacefully marching in the Gay Pride rally in Jerusalem by an ultra-orthodox man wielding a knife, resulting in five marchers being seriously wounded and the death this week of a 16 year old girl, Shira Banki. The attacker was just released from prison three weeks before for doing the same thing in 2005. I marched in the Jerusalem Pride rally in 2007 for world pride and there were bomb threats and demonstrations that stopped the parade. Just to be clear, this is not a loud, brightly colored, saucy parade like in Tel Aviv or New York. The Jerusalem march is a respectful rally for LGBTQ people of all ethnicities and religions who live in Jerusalem.
As if that wasn’t enough, the day after we learned of the fire bomb attack on the Palestinian settlement in the West Bank by extremist Jewish settlers, resulting in the death of 18 month old Ali Saad Dawabsha and serious injury to his four year old brother and parents.
And it makes me ask, Did we as a people not go through the holocaust where hate resulted in the destruction of six million Jews and countless LGTB people? “Love the Stranger”
It could be very easy for us to say these are the actions of a few extremists and dismiss these acts of terrorism as not being our responsibility. We are commanded this week to love the stranger, but the people who committed these acts were grown out of communities of hate for the stranger/the other.
Last Saturday night there was a Rally in Jerusalem with Orthodox Rabbi Benny Lau. Lau, is the nephew of a former Israeli chief rabbi (and cousin of a current one). He addressed thousands of people who turned out to condemn these attacks.
He said “It is not possible to say ‘our hands did not spill this blood,’” Anyone who has been at a Sabbath table, or in a classroom, or in a synagogue, or at a soccer pitch, or in a club, or at a community center, and heard the racist jokes, the homophobic jokes, the obscene words, and didn’t stand up and stop it, he is a partner to this bloodshed.”
“All the worshippers in all the synagogues in Israel,” Lau continued, “all of them heard today, this very day, heard for themselves the Ten Commandments [in the weekly Torah portion]. And in them, at the top, they stood and heard, ‘Do not murder.’”
“In the name of what Torah,” he asked, his voice cracking with emotion, “in the name of what God, does someone go and murder, do people go and burn a baby and his entire family? Whose Torah is this?”
In this week’s haftarah from Isaiah we are reminded that the persecutors will be punished.
It says “Behold all of you who kindle fire, who give power to flames; go in the flame of your fire, and in the flames you have kindled; from my hand has this come to you, in grief you shall lie down.”Behold all of you who kindle fire, who give power to flames; go in the flame of your fire, and in the flames you have kindled; from My hand has this come to you, in grief you shall lie down.Behold all of you who kindle fire, who give power to flames; go in the flame of your fire, and in the flames you have kindled; from My hand has this come to you, in grief you shall lie downBehold all of you who kindle fire, who give power to flames; go in the flame of your fire, and in the flames you have kindled; from My hand has this come to you, in grief you shall lie down.Behold all of you who kindle fire, who give power to flames; go in the flame of your fire, and in the flames you have kindled; from My hand has this come to you, in grief you shall lie down.Behold all of you who kindle fire, who give power to flames; go in the flame of your fire, and in the flames you have kindled; from My hand has this come to you, in grief you shall lie down.
“Love the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt”. I also say Love the hated, for we were hated.
This parasha talks about the gift of a land that is perfect, in return for doing the work every day to follow G-d’s ordinances. The message is clear “Do the work and reap the benefits.” It is not about taking the law into one’s own hands to control the outcome. This week addresses the community obligation to work every day to fulfill the mitzvot of the Torah.
We also enter the month of Elul, which begins next Shabbat and these parashiot remind us to reflect on our past actions and to make amends. We are commanded to strive each day to surround ourselves with good deeds and mindful speech. As a community it is important what we say, what we teach our children. Are we teaching them to do the right thing? Are we mindful of how we talk about others?
I feel truly blessed to have a community like ours, to see young parents bringing their children to Shacharit services. To feel the true acceptance in this community and be surrounded by truly selfless giving and love.
May we continue to Love the Stranger and to expand a community that is built on inclusion and mitzvot.